Government Information: Congress: House and Senate

Congress: House and Senate - Introduction

The United States Congress is the "collective identity of the Senate and House of Representatives." The House and the Senate have equal status; since 1913, all bills must pass in both chambers in the process of becoming laws. However, the House and the Senate are different institutions. There are 100 senators, two from every state, and 435 representatives, with at least one from every state and apportioned otherwise according to population.

Track congressional bills or investigate the work of a Senate committee with the resources on this page.

      Essential Resources for Congressional Documents

      Congressional Budget Office news

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      Senate Chamber

      Senate chamber c. 1952, accessed from the digital collections at the Library of Congress.

      Background Information