World Languages & Literature: Critical & Literary Interpretation

A guide to performing research in the languages and literatures of the world.

Critical Interpretation

In library catalogs, add the phrase "criticism and interpretation" to searches on your author as subject or to the particular work.

Borges, Jorge Luis, 1899-1986 -- Criticism and interpretation.

Akutagawa, Ryūnosuke, 1892-1927 -- Criticism and interpretation..

Bulgakov, Mikhail, 1891-1940 -- Criticism and interpretation.

Yoshimoto, Banana, 1964- -- Criticism and interpretation.

Author Biography

Full length books about an author may be found in library catalogs.  Use the author's name and dates as a subject heading search, e.g.

Borges, Jorge Luis, 1899-1986

Akutagawa, Ryūnosuke, 1892-1927

Bulgakov, Mikhail, 1891-1940

Yoshimoto, Banana, 1964-

Reference sources will include shorter biographies, and will often provide recommended full length works.

Critical Theory

A selected list of online resources examining the concepts and definitions regarding critical theory. (NOTE: click on "View Online" to access the resource.)

Publishing & Textual History

In addition to journal articles which may address some aspect of the publishing history of a work, search library catalogs with additional keywords to focus your results.  Suggested keywords, phrases or subject searches to try:

  • "critical editions"
  • facisimile editions published by university presses
  • Add the term "bibliography" to a subject search on your work to pull up authoratative comprehensive bibliographies on the work which you would expect to include works on textual history as well as cricitism.
  • add the subject term "authorship" to your work or to your author as a subject; e.g. "Melville, Herman, 1819-1891 -- Authorship"

Subject Author Search:  add the subject term

"criticism, textual" to your author as a subject; e.g.

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft, 1797-1851  -- Criticism, Textual.


Critical Editions:  Critical editions are published texts incorporating a detailed and scholarly analysis and commentary about a work.  For searching, use the phrase 

"critical editions"

to discover these materials in the library collection.

Facsimile Editions: Facisimile editions are an edition of a book, etc, that is an exact reproduction of an earlier edition and are generally publshed by university presses. As with critical editions, use the phrase "facsimile editions" in your search.