SW 320U Introduction to Child Welfare: Citing Sources

APA Citation Basics for News Media

News Article

Author, A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from URL. 

For more examples see "How do you cite a newspaper article?"

Television News Episode

Lastname, I. M. (Producer). (Year, Month Day). Name of program [Television broadcast]. Location, L.C.: Name of network. 

For more examples see: "APA citation style: Non-traditional sources." 

Blog Post

Author, A. B. (Year, Month Day). Title of blog post [Blog post]. Retrieved from URL.

For more examples see "How to cite a blog post in APA Style."


Author, A. C. (Role, e.g. Host, Producer). (Year, Month Day). Name of podcast [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from URL. 

Form more examples see "How to cite a podcast."

APA 7 Citation Basics for Journal Articles & Books

The primary point of a citation is to enable your reader to easily find your source. Every source referred to in the text of your paper should appear in the reference list. 

Journal Article

Author, A. & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article: The subtitle. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), xx-xx.

Journal Article with DOI*

Author, A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. (Year). Title of article: The subtitle. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), xx-xx. http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyyy 

Book Chapter

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xx-x). Publisher.

*A DOI is a unique number assigned to an individual electronic item, such as an online journal article. 

Web Resources

APA style is used in the social science disciplines such as psychology, sociology, and anthropology. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association  is not available online, although some supplementary information is available at the APA's website.  Print copies are available at the Reference Desk at the PSU Library.

For examples of APA citations, see the Online Writing Lab at Purdue University.