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Brian Jefferson writes that "criminalization in the age of digital computation does not signify a new cultural logic so much as it performs an upgrade of entrenched modes of social differentiation and dominance. Modernity’s racial taxonomies are not vanishing through computerization; they have just been imported into data arrays. The digitization of criminal records allows authorities to essentialize individuals using well-worn ethnoracial categories." (Digitize and Punish, 6). And, as was noted in the page on Big Data, by importing these racial taxonomies into data arrays it gives the veneer of neutrality and of "fairness," when, in fact, it reinforces and even strengthens underlying racist policies and assumptions.
E-Carceration and Surveillance Books and eBooks
Policy and Advocacy
Stop LAPD Spying Coalition
"The STOP LAPD SPYING COALITION – Campaign to Rescind Special Order 1(1) is an alliance of different organizations (and, in our case, individuals), each with their own interests, mission and vision, that come together to collaborate and take collective action together toward a common goal(s). We reject all forms of police oppression and any policy that make us all suspects in the eyes of the State. Our vision is the dismantling of government-sanctioned spying and intelligence gathering, in all its multiple forms."
Stop Project Maven Letter
Statement on Project Maven by Google employees opposing the company’s contact with the Department of Defense for Project Maven, a research initiative to develop computer vision algorithms that can analyze drone footage.