Sociology: Citation & Writing Guides

American Sociological Association Style Guides

Journal Article Citation Example, from Purdue OWL

Author's full name, inverted so that last name appears first. Year. “Article Title in Title Caps and in Quotes.” Journal Title in Title Caps and Italicized Volume Number(Issue Number):page numbers of article.

Note that there is no space after the colon preceding page numbers. For multiple authors, invert last name of first author only. Separate with commas, unless there are only two authors. Use and between last two authors.

Conger, Rand. 1997. "The Effects of Positive Feedback on Direction and Amount of Verbalization in a Social Setting." American Journal of Sociology 79:1179-259.

Coe, Deborah L., and James D. Davidson. 2011. “The Origins of Legacy Admissions: A Sociological Explanation.” Review of Religious Research 52(3):233-47.

Citation Managers

Research and Writing Guides

Literature Reviews

PSU Sociology Theses

Other Dissertations & Theses

Thesis/Dissertation Copyright and Open Access Options

Registering Copyright:

You automatically are the copyright owner of a work by virtue of being the documented author. However, registering your copyright helps your case if in the future someone infringes and you want to sue. Here's a nice summary from U Michigan:

ProQuest/UMI offers a service in which they will register your copyright for you, and deposit the required copies with the Copyright Office. The fee for this service is $65, which includes the $35 copyright office fee. Although registration is not required to preserve your copyright, most copyright specialists feel that it is advisable since registration offers certain legal benefits if someone infringes on your copyright and you wish to bring suit. Note that if you choose not to register your copyright through ProQuest/UMI, you can still register it on your own, either at the time you deposit your thesis or at some later date. Information on self-registering your copyright can be found at eCO:Electronic Copyright Office.

Open Access

When your thesis or dissertation is made available as open access via the Library, you still retain your copyright and own your work (whether it's officially registered or not). The only permission you are granting to the Library/PDXScholar is *non-exclusive* distribution. Note that you can add a one or two year embargo for if you like (some folks do this if they are reworking their thesis or dissertation into a book or publishing articles from their research).