SW 450-550 Research & Evaluation: Citations & Info Organization

APA 7 Citation Basics for Journal Articles & Books

The primary point of a citation is to enable your reader to easily find your source. Every source referred to in the text of your paper should appear in the reference list. 

Journal Article

Author, A. & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article: The subtitle. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), xx-xx.

Journal Article with DOI*

Author, A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. (Year). Title of article: The subtitle. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), xx-xx. http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyyy 

Book Chapter

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xx-x). Publisher.

*A DOI is a unique number assigned to an individual electronic item, such as an online journal article. 

What is Zotero?

Zotero is citation management software that is enhanced by its active community of users and developers. You can easily add research to the standalone program to read, annotate and organize for future use. Its single-click capture works with more databases, catalogs, and websites than Mendeley, and Zotero can properly cite government documents. Plugins developed by its users add customization options. You can also collaborate with other researchers who use Zotero - without limitations on private groups. 

The PSU Library also frequently offers Zotero workshop.

The video below from Ohio University Library shows an overview of different ways you can use Zotero.

Detailed guide to Zotero, created by the Paul V. Galvin Library.

APA Formatting Tutorials

Organizing Research for Writing

There are numerous ways to organize the material in a lit. review. For example, one might organize the selected readings by

  • different theoretical approaches
  • specific concepts or issues
  • different methodologies employed
  • level of support or otherwise that they lend to one’s own hypothesis/theory.

Such methods are generally better than organizing chronologically or by author. 

(From Writing a Literature Review Phase 5: Organizing the Review, Boston College Libraries)