1. Convert one's need for information into an answerable question
2. Track down the best clinical evidence to answer that question
3. Critically appraise that evidence in terms of its validity, clinical significance, and usefulness
4. Integrate this critical appraisal of research evidence with one's clinical expertise and the patient's values and circumstances
5. Evaluate one's effectiveness and efficiency in undertaking the four previous steps, and strive for self-improvement
From: Thyer, B. A. (2006). What is evidence-based practice? In A. B. Roberts and K. Yeager (Eds.) Foundations of evidence-based social work practice (p. 35-46). New York: Oxford
Constructing an "answerable" question is the first step of EBP.
Different types of research demonstrate stronger or weaker levels of evidence, in order:
The pyramid organizes these types of research in order of strength, but also makes note of the difference in the amount of research available. For example, while systematic reviews and meta-analyses provide strong sources of evidence to answer a clinical question, there are quite a bit fewer of these resources than the more common quantitative research article.
Robin A. Paynter, (2009) "Evidence-based research in the applied social sciences", Reference Services Review, 37 (4), pp.435 - 450.