The primary point of a citation is to enable your reader to easily find your source. Every source referred to in the text of your paper should appear in the reference list.
Author, A. & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article: The subtitle. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), pages x-y.
Author, A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. (Year). Title of article: The subtitle. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), pages. http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyyy
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Location: Publisher.
*A DOI is a unique number assigned to an individual electronic item, such as an online journal article.
List as much of the following information as possible--you might need to look closely at the website:
Government Agency. (Date of publication). Title of webpage. Retrieved from http://Web address
Example: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). School-associated violent death study. Retreived from: http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/youthviolence/schoolviolence/savd.html
Citing a government report is similar to citing a book. Often the author will be the government agency. If there is a specific report number available reference, include it in parentheses after the title.
Example: National Institute of Mental Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1679). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
From Purdue OWL:
Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/
Example: Parker-Pope, T. (2008, May 6). Psychiatry handbook linked to drug industry. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://well.blogs.nytimes.com
APA citation style for statutes is constructed with the following elements:
Example: Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, 29 U.S.C. §§ 2601–2654 (2006).
For more information, please review Writing References for Federal Statutes from the APA blog.
Example of a state law citation from the Purdue OWL website: Mental Care and Treatment Act, 4 Kan. Stat. Ann.§§ 59-2901-2941 (1983 & Supp. 1992).
Explanation: This Kansas act can be found in codified version between sections 2901 and 2941 in Chapter 59 of volume 4 of the 1983 edition of Kansas Statutes Annotated. Two amendments to the act and additional references are provided in the 1992 supplement for the Kansas Statutes Annotated.
For unenacted bills, gather the following information:
Oil Pollution Prevention and Response Act of 2009, S. 684, 111th Cong. (2009). Retrieved from http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c111:S.684
Tools like PsycINFO and Google Scholar also provide you with APA formatted references. In PsycINFO, select the items you want citations for, then click "Cite" in the upper toolbar. In Google Scholar, click "Cite" for the individual article in the results list:
Complete instructions on citing and useful information on writing style and content can be found in the latest edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Society. We have multiple copies in the Library in reference and on reserve; it's also worth considering buying your own if you are in the social sciences.
The following tools allow you to collect book and article citations from the library catalog and databases and (using a plugin for MS Word) insert those citations into your paper in the appropriate format. Some of the tools make it easier to import citations from the catalog and databases than others.
The library has created a detailed guide on how to choose and how to use each of these tools.